Diet for those with hyperthyroidism and weight loss
Hyperthyroidism belongs to the group of hypermetabolic syndromes, with increased basal metabolic rate and enhanced protein catabolism, so most patients with hyperthyroidism are thin.
A high-calorie, high-protein, high-carbohydrate, high-vitamin diet should be supplemented to compensate for its consumption and improve the nutritional status of the body.
Dietary treatment principles for hyperthyroidism and wasting (1) Increasing carbohydrate should appropriately increase carbohydrate supply, which usually accounts for 60% of total thermal energy?
70%; protein should be higher than normal, can be 1.5?
2.0 g / Kg; animal protein should not be given more, because it has a stimulating effect, should account for about 33.3% of the protein volume; normal or low.
(2) The amount of thermal energy required should be determined in combination with clinical treatment needs and the patient’s food intake.
It is generally increased by 50% to 70 ·% compared with normal people.
Should each person provide 12.55 per day?
Avoid excessive meals at one time, and increase the number of meals appropriately. In addition to the normal 3 meals, and an additional side meal 2?
When clinical treatment is carried out, it is necessary to continuously adjust the amount of heat energy and other nutrients according to the condition in time.
(3) Provide abundant nutrients to appropriately increase the supply of minerals, especially potassium, calcium and phosphorus. If there is diarrhea, pay attention to it.
Intake more foods rich in vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and vitamin C, eat liver, animal offal, fresh green leafy vegetables appropriately, and supplement vitamin preparations if necessary.
(4) Restricting dietary fiber: Foods containing more cellulose should be restricted appropriately. Patients with hyperthyroidism often have symptoms of increased defecation or diarrhea; therefore, dietary foods with more fiber should be restricted.